The Egyptian Vulture is Europe’s smallest and only true long-distance migratory vulture, measuring 47–65 cm from the point of the beak to the extremity of the tail feathers. Notably, its wingspan spans around 2.7 times its body length. The adult's plumage is white, with black flight feathers in the wings.
Habitat & Distribution
Egyptian Vultures inhabit diverse habitats: plains, mountains, wetlands, uplands, savannahs, and semi-deserts. In winter they migrate to warmer regions due to cold intolerance. Most are found in the Iberian Peninsula (1,300-1,500 pairs), with smaller populations in France (80 pairs) and Italy (10 pairs).
Egyptian Vultures confront numerous threats that pose significant concerns for its survival. These include disturbance during breeding period, direct and secondary poisoning, electrocution and collisions with power lines, as well as encounters with wind turbines, reduced food availability and habitat change.